Coffea Arabica, with its numerous varieties (Bourbon, Catui, Caturra, Catimorra, Mundonovo, etc.), today represents two thirds of the world's coffee production. The plant is rather delicate and requires greater care than the Robusta variety. The beans are an elongated oval shape, green-blue in colour and feature a sinuous, barely noticeable groove.
The ideal habitat for a Coffea Arabica plant is at an altitude of between 600 and 2000 metres – the higher it grows, the better the aroma and flavour of the beans.
The major growers are the countries of South and Central America, but excellent quality beans can also be found in some areas of Africa and Asia. The market offers a wide range of Arabica coffees, and their diversity of flavour reflects their country of origin and the multiple varieties.
Arabica coffees are richly aromatic, with a sweet and slightly acidulous flavour. The caffeine level is lower than that in the Robusta variety, at about 1.4% in the green coffee.