How is coffee harvested?
Two harvesting systems are used most widely in coffee growing:
- Picking: Coffee picking is a manual harvesting process in which the ripe cherries are selected and picked from the coffee plants one by one, requiring pickers to pass through the crop several times. This yields a more uniform, high-quality crop.
- Stripping: Coffee stripping is a process that may be manual or mechanized, in which all the fruit is removed from the plants in one go when it's of average ripeness. It often requires a further check to eliminate impurities, along with underripe or already fermented cherries.
Extracting the coffee beans
The next step is to extract the coffee seeds from the fruit, using a wet or dry processing method: